The Documents

The Development of the American Character

Emancipation Proclamation

Emancipation Proclamation

Reproduction of the Emancipation Proclamation at the
National Underground Railroad Freedom Center in Cincinnati, Ohio

Short Description

This Proclamation issued by President Abraham Lincoln on September 22, 1862, declared that all slaves in areas still in rebellion against the United States were henceforth to be free. The second part of the proclamation issued January 1, 1863, named the specific states where it applied. Slavery was not completely abolished until the adoption of the 13th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution in 1865.

Remnant Trust Description

First Public Printing in the New York Times September 23, 1862. A proclamation issued by President Abraham Lincoln on January 1, 1863, declaring that all slaves in areas still in rebellion against the U.S. were henceforth to be free. The proclamation did not affect slaves in the border states nor in territory under U.S. military occupation. A preliminary proclamation had been issued on September 22, 1862, after the Union success at Antietam had bolstered the likelihood of ultimate victory over the Confederacy. Slavery was not completely abolished until the adoption of the thirteenth amendment to the Constitution in 1865.