The Documents

Religious Revolutions

New Testament

New Testament

A Bible handwritten in Latin, on display in Malmesbury Abbey, Wiltshire, England.
The Bible was written in Belgium in 1407 A.D., for reading aloud in a monastery.

Short Description

Added to the Hebrew Scriptures by early Christians to form what is commonly called the Bible, the New Testament cast the ethical monotheism of the Hebrew Bible into a shared philosophy of a of singular historical consequence. Originally preserved in common Greek, this particular copy represents one of the earliest translations of the text into English.

Remnant Trust Description

Added to the Jewish Scriptures by early Christians to form what is commonly called the Bible (from the Greek ta biblia, or “the books”), the New Testament serves as the second part of the sacred text of Christianity. In its present form the New Testament is comprised of a total of 27 books which narrate the life of Jesus of Nazareth, his followers, and the history of the early Christian community in the 1st century C.E., as well as speaking of things to come. Casting the ethical monotheism of the Hebrew Bible in a universalizing idiom, the message of the New Testament not only successfully challenged the norms of the wider Hellenistic world in which it was nurtured but in a matter of a few centuries came to radically transform the social, cultural, and political landscapes of the Mediterranean Basin and surrounding regions. Originally preserved in common Greek, the text itself has gone through numerous translations, of which the earliest in English is to be found in a group of Bible translations associated with the controversial English reformist theologian John Wycliffe (d. 1384). Originally translated from Latin into Middle English, this particular copy was prepared by the Kent clergyman John Lewis (d. 1747) and was published in London in 1731. It represents the earliest printed edition of Wycliffe’s version of the New Testament, of which only 160 copies were issued.